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  1. #1

    Default Project Selene 94 Celica GT 1MZFE V6 Swap

    Hey guys well it is time for me to start a project thread. I have owned my 6th Gen. for quite some time, and to be honest I never planned on modifying it at all. I purchased the car as a cheap daily driver and when I first drove it home I discovered it had a blown head gasket. It never overheated only pushed coolant out of the overflow a few times when I pushed the motor hard. So I looked on 6gc.net for a head gasket. I found someone selling a full metal head gasket set in PA. within driving distance. He also had a set of Tein lowering springs that he wanted to sell as well, because his father didn't like the car lowered. The price was too good to pass up so I purchased both and got to work. I changed the head gasket in one weekend and installed the lowering springs the next. Two weeks later the car dies on me only a few miles away from my house. I had it towed to my house and me and my neighbor who is an electrician looked things over and discovered the AM2 fuse was blown. I replaced it with a good fuse, but it quickly blew the fuse right as I turned the key. I googled the blown AM2 fuse and it turned out to be a bad condenser in the distributor. This is a $5 part, but not wanting to be stranded again I grabbed a used distributor from the junk yard for $12 and never had another problem from the car, well at least for a while. While browsing 6gc I came across a guy in NJ that was selling a 96+ front bumper with SS-III grill and emblem, SS-III front spats, front fog lights, GT-Four rear spats, & GT-Four riser blocks. The only catch was he wouldn't ship or separate the parts. They had been listed for a long time, and again it was within driving distance so I picked them up for a good price. Remember when I said I had no plans on modifying this 6th Gen? Way to stick to my guns huh. So now I have all the parts painted and installed and I am pleased with the results. Now the real reason I didn't want to modify the 6th Gen is I am in the middle of restoring a 1990 Celica Alltrac, and the funds were just not available for two projects. While browsing eBay for Alltrac parts I come across a set of JDM projector headlights with minutes left no reserve and the bidding was only at $120 so I enter $220 as my max bid with 4 seconds remaining in the auction. I was the high bidder at $165 and $75 shipping. Honestly I didn't think I would win, but since I did I modified the headlights for LHD using the how-to on 6gc. Here are a few pictures of the projectors:






    This was one of the best bang for your buck mods and again I was pleased. By this time I am a couple years into my 6th gen ownership and really have no plans for anymore mods, but eBay strikes again. While searching for Alltrac part I stumble upon a ST205 rear strut bar with leather cover and side strut tower covers for just $100 shipped. I couldn't pass it up since they usually go for a lot more when the are complete. I installed the rear strut bar not expecting any real performance gains, but to my surprise the car feels so even and planted in the corners again I was pleased. I had been driving the car for a few weeks with the rear strut bar when my luck took a turn for the worse. I'm driving along and out of nowhere my car loses all power just around the corner from my house. I pulled over and attempted to start the car, but the motor just cranks quite fast and won't start. I have the car towed to my mechanic, because I just didn't have the time to diagnose and fix the problem. It turned out to be a blown timing belt that somehow stripped out several teeth that caused the issue. Looking back I regret not fixing it myself, and here's why; my mechanic had a budding up and coming mechanic do the timing belt and when I got the car back I noticed right away that the car drove badly and seemed to be underpowered. I looked at the timing and it was way out like 20 degrees advanced, but it did run and I had driven it roughly 20 miles with the timing that far out. Instead of calling the shop I set the timing and the car seemed fine. This was a huge mistake, and I took responsibility for what happened next. Roughly two and a half weeks after setting the timing I was on the highway and was being tailed by a soccer mom on a mission to run me off the road. She rushed up to my back bumper while I passed a slower moving vehicle. Instead of just passing me as I moved to the right lane after passing on the left she got right behind me and proceeded to ride my bumper for about 1/2 a mile. Coming to my exit I accelerated away from her out of frustration and to give enough of a gap because this exit sometimes backs up onto the highway. Exiting the highway I hear a small tapping that is progressively getting louder. By this time I'm only a few miles away from my house, but sadly I didn't make it that far. The motor literally goes bang and explodes. Oil gets onto the red hot exhaust and catches fire. I open the hood and beat the flames down with an old plastic whiskey bottle found on the side of the road and my bare hands. Here is the carnage of what turned out to be a thrown rod through the block right behind the A/C compressor:







    Well I once again have the car towed to my house because I had no time or money to make any repairs. I discussed the motor blowing with the tow truck driver who also owns the towing company and is a friend due to me doing tons of business with him . He tells me that when doing a timing belt if done right the timing should have been dead on if the new belt is installed properly. I talk with my mechanic and he agrees that the error was on his end and pays me back the balance of the bill for doing the timing belt. I took blame for actually blowing the motor, because instead of me bringing the car back in for service I attempted to fix the timing issue only to make matters worse. This happened in March 2014 and the car sat for months with a blown motor. I began to price a good used 5SFE motor and discovered that a good motor wasn't cheap. I started to think of possibly upgrading the motor to a 3SGTE(like my Alltrac ) or maybe a Redtop Beams. Now I'm on 6gc asking about what is needed for a Beams swap when I am met with a few rude try using the search button replies :o , but a few people did offer some good advice. One of which was smaay, he told to look into doing a 1MZFE swap. After doing some searching I became interested and got to work figuring out which direction I wanted to go. On one hand the 3SGTE was familiar, but has been done to death :/ . After some serious thought I decided that while the 4th Gen 3SGTE would give me the most bang for my buck I just didn't want my daily driver to have a JDM engine that wouldn't pass inspection in another state. If I decide to move I don't want to have to sell my car due to it being swapped and not road legal. After deciding on with the 1MZFE I kept in touch with smaay, and started collecting parts. I purchased a motor from a Toyota mechanic who had wrecked his 99 Solara, but kept the motor because it was low mileage and in good condition. It was on eBay and had been relisted several times because it was local pick-up only. It was in NJ and within driving distance so I offered him $250 for it and after a couple weeks he accepted my offer. He had it listed for $400 on eBay. Here are a few pictures of the motor when picked up:






    Now that I had a motor it was time to decide on a transmission. While the S54 is a capable transmission I wanted to upgrade to a E153. I found a non-lsd E153 local for $125 picked up here are a couple pictures:




    After purchasing MR2 Turbo non-lsd inner stub axles I stumble across a MR2 Turbo OEM LSD for $150 shipped. They are usually around $300+ so I jumped at the opportunity.





    The MR2 transmission needs to be converted in order to work in the 6th gen because the gear selector arms are on the wrong side. I purchased the ST205 selector assembly for the conversion, but my buddy Flor who also owned an Alltrac and purchased a 4th Gen 3SGTE for his Alltrac with a lsd front wheel transmission that he was saving to possibly install into his 6th gen. offers me his fwd-lsd transmission for a steal while I was at his place to borrow his engine hoist and engine stand. I couldn't turn down the offer:





    I ended up selling the MR2 transmission and LSD to another 6gc member garin who is doing a 3SGTE swap into his 6th gen. Now I start the teardown:









    Always label your parts as you remove them, it makes life much easier when putting things back together. Also I'm anal as you will discover



    More teardown:






    Tip* hang your brake caliper up with a zip-tie to save your brake hose:




    I used screws to remove the rotor to avoid hitting the rotor with a hammer no Bueno



    5SFE Engine Harness Removal:






















    1MZFE Harness Removal:











    Both harnesses sent to smaay for conversion. Now it was time to teardown the 1MZFE motor. First I took pictures of the motor for reference when reassembling:









    Now for the teardown:





    I taped the bolts to the actual parts they were removed from:



    I also downloaded the 1MZFE manual:



    More teardown by the book:






    Maybe not by the book, but this works to keep the motor from turning while removing the bolts:



    More teardown:

























    Some weird rodent nest under the intake manifold:




    More teardown:





































    Now I replaced all the valve stem seals using the Toyotool valvemaster and valve stem seal pliers:

















    When removing the old valve stem seal, you have to be careful to remove all remnants of the old seal or the new seal won't seat properly. Here are some old seal pieces left behind when the old valve stem seals were removed:



    Next we have some before and after cleaning shots, and proof that I am anal:


























































    Here is the gasket set oil pump and water pump/timing belt kit:




    Now for reassembly by the book using Toyota FIPG:






























    Next I had my stock Solara flywheel resurfaced:






    Now I installed new multi-layer steel head gaskets:




    Torqued the head bolts to spec then turned 90 degrees using red guide marks for reference:









    I installed the cams making sure to line-up all the timing reference marks:





    Next I installed new seals for the spark plug tubes into the valve covers:







    Timing belt installation:










    New camshaft and crankshaft sensors:




    Now I decided to replace all the injector O-rings:








    Buttoning up the engine reassembly:











    I also cleaned the throttle body and installed all new gaskets:

















    I then installed the clutch and flywheel:









    Installing the transmission:













    Now to install the modified wiring harness:









    Now onto modifying the engine bay:










    Motor installed what a headache:



    I only broke one airbag sensor putting the motor in not bad:



    Next I used a lot of electrical tape organizing the wires:






    I only used this much tape:



    Next I purchased a 56MM ST205 radiator to be modified to suit the 1MZFE:









    Here are hybrid axles; MR2 Turbo inner stub axles and Alltrac outer axles:












    The axles installed:




    Onto finishing up the engine install:













    Now for the fuel system modifications:







    By this point I'm so excited and ready to start the car and this happened:

    1MZFE 1st startup attempt

    Turned out to be 1 bad wire :/ . So smaay and I start some trouble shooting through private messages and fix the issue next startup attempt went like this:

    1MZFE 2nd startup attempt

    Well now that the car was running I thought it was time to put the wheels back on:





    Next was the exhaust which is 2 1/2" 409 16 gauge stainless:





    The exhaust has a very mellow tone almost stock:
    Interior starting, idling, & revving

    Exhaust vid1

    Exterior starting & driving away in parking lot

    Exhaust vid2

    The car has passed inspection and is street legal. Well that's all for now. Not many things on my to do list for this car, remember this was never supposed to be a project. Who am I kidding besides myself .

    Thanks for checking out Selene's progress guys
    Last edited by lamont; 03-06-2015 at 12:57 PM.
    90 Celica Alltrac (code-name Project Phoenix)
    94 Celica GT (Selene)

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  2. #2
    Am I being detained officer? tuner4life is a name known to all tuner4life is a name known to all tuner4life is a name known to all tuner4life is a name known to all tuner4life is a name known to all tuner4life is a name known to all tuner4life's Avatar
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    You do very thorough work. Great job so far!

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  3. #3
    I let PearlJammzz run The Dragon in 14.7 andy is a name known to all andy is a name known to all andy is a name known to all andy is a name known to all andy is a name known to all andy is a name known to all andy's Avatar
    andy has been to an annual Dragon Meet! andy helped get Grayscale's Celica towed from The Dragon in 2008. andy helped get Play's clutch job done. andy helped Azzy get to The Dragon in 2009.

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    Holy long picture post!

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    Shadow's Minion Army - member #2

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  4. #4

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    Fantastic job!
    - Mario
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    Questions?

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  5. #5
    Senior Member underscore is a jewel in the rough underscore is a jewel in the rough underscore is a jewel in the rough
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    What did you need to do to mount the 1MZ into the 5S bay? I'm debating doing something similar if I ever get my GTS back on the road.
    1992 GT-S // 1991 GTFour RC // 2007 Jeep Grand Cherokee CRD

  6. #6

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    Quote Originally Posted by Shadowlife25 View Post
    Fantastic job!
    Thank you Sir!!

    Quote Originally Posted by underscore View Post
    What did you need to do to mount the 1MZ into the 5S bay? I'm debating doing something similar if I ever get my GTS back on the road.
    I only needed to use ST205 front and rear engine mounts, ST205 drivers side(top of transmission) engine mount bracket w/5SFE mount, and a custom passenger side mount. No easy solution for the passenger side mount. I can post pictures once the snow melts
    90 Celica Alltrac (code-name Project Phoenix)
    94 Celica GT (Selene)

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  7. #7
    Senior Member underscore is a jewel in the rough underscore is a jewel in the rough underscore is a jewel in the rough
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    That doesn't sound too bad, pictures would be much appreciated. Also this may be a stupid question but do you know if a 3S flywheel would bolt up to an MZ?
    1992 GT-S // 1991 GTFour RC // 2007 Jeep Grand Cherokee CRD

  8. #8

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    Quote Originally Posted by underscore View Post
    That doesn't sound too bad, pictures would be much appreciated. Also this may be a stupid question but do you know if a 3S flywheel would bolt up to an MZ?
    To add to my last post, I needed the ST205 mounts because I went with the E153 transmission. If you stay with the S54 stock transmission you will keep all the standard 5S mounts. The 3S flywheel bolt pattern is different from the MZ, but the clutch kit bolts right up. If you use the S54 you will need a custom clutch kit. I believe Southbend stocks it now. It is basically a 3S pressure plate with a custom 3S clutch disc with 5S splines.
    90 Celica Alltrac (code-name Project Phoenix)
    94 Celica GT (Selene)

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  9. #9

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    Hey guys here are a few pictures of the custom passenger side mount:






    This is a MR2 1MZFE mount made by Woodsport. I had to have a riser block made in order for it to clear the chassis. I also had a mounting plate fabricated to fit the stock passenger mount location.
    90 Celica Alltrac (code-name Project Phoenix)
    94 Celica GT (Selene)

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  10. #10
    Sorry... I got distracted... MCcelica has a brilliant future MCcelica has a brilliant future MCcelica has a brilliant future MCcelica has a brilliant future MCcelica has a brilliant future MCcelica has a brilliant future MCcelica has a brilliant future MCcelica has a brilliant future MCcelica has a brilliant future MCcelica has a brilliant future MCcelica has a brilliant future MCcelica's Avatar
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    That is some awesome work. I only took a cursory glance at all the pictures. I especially appreciate the before and after. I'm mostly replying right now so I can look more in depth later.
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  11. #11
    Senior Member underscore is a jewel in the rough underscore is a jewel in the rough underscore is a jewel in the rough
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    The mount doesn't look too bad to make at all, thanks for the pics!
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  12. #12

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    Amazing job!

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  13. #13

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    Your ability to get parts clean is very impressive. The engine swap is amazin as well but the cleaning of parts is unreal

  14. #14

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    Hey guys, I needed a few parts replaced like my front bearings, transmission seals, and clutch. The clutch was used and the throw-out bearing was beginning to rattle, my axle seals leaked pretty bad, and my bearings were pretty grumbly once the v6 swap was completed. So I have been driving for a couple months and besides the leak never really had any issues. I took the car to the shop and they replaced everything and then this happened on the test drive.



    I also found out that I have a power steering leak that had been masked by the transmission leak. It only happens when the wheel is at full lock the pump main seal just pukes when the wheel is at full lock. So now that needs to be addressed
    90 Celica Alltrac (code-name Project Phoenix)
    94 Celica GT (Selene)

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